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FOREST FIRE AND ITS IMPACT IN SOUTH SUMATERA
News Writter : • Photographers : • 07 Oct 2020 • Read : 225 x ,

Bandung (7/10) Focus Group Discussion on Atmospheric Science about Technology, Environment, and the Latest Climate Series 4 (SATELIT # 4) with the theme "Forest Fires and Their Impact in South Sumatra (part 1)" has been carried out through virtual media zoom meetings and broadcasts on the PSTA-LAPAN youtube channel.

Head of PSTA-LAPAN, Dr. Didi Satiadi, M.Sc. was present to open the event as well as a speaker by delivering a presentation on the Support System (DSS) Based on Atmospheric Science and Technology for National Development.

Head of the Center for Atmospheric Science and Technology, Dr. Didi Satiadi, M.Sc. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

"Earth's atmosphere is very different from the atmosphere on other planets, where in this atmosphere it contains oxygen which is very dynamic and reactive so that the acid levels on this planet earth fluctuate very dynamically and this of course is influenced by life. Tropical rainforests in the equatorial region It is very important because it is the lungs for the world that provides

nearly 40% of the oxygen demand on the planet Earth. So this is a human asset that we need to protect and maintain and 40% of the oxygen demand on the planet we need to manage because this is important for life ". The Head of PSTA explained.

Head of the Environment and Land Service (DLHP) South Sumatra Province, Drs. H. Edward Candra, M.H. delivered a presentation about the Antisivasi of Local Governments in Handling Forest and Land Fires and its Impact in South Sumatra.

Head of the Environment and Land Service (DLHP) South Sumatra Province, Drs. H. Edward Candra, M.H. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

"Based on the research results, 90% -99% of forest fires in South Sumatra are caused by humans. From the distribution of hotspots, there are human activities. Based on the fire triangle principle, fire arises from 3 things, namely heat sources, fuel, and oxygen. The fire area data for 2019

shows a significant area due to the long hot weather. The total area of the fire area is 428,356 hectares spread across 14 city districts and based on the function of the peat ecosystem, the burned peat area is 40.6%. burnt was 51.36%, and the other area of use was 48.64%. " said Edward, starting his presentation.

Edward then continued his presentation that "The number of forest and forest fires incidents in 2020 recorded by the forest and forestry task force up to 2 October 2020 was 908 incidents, with a fire area of 259.65 hectares and the distribution of hotspots 3,959 different from 2019, namely 17,024 hotspots. Data for the Air Pollution Standard Index (ISPU) in 2019, the peak is September-October, there are 2 days of dangerous air quality, namely 341 and 348 while for 2020 the ISPU is much different, only recorded 1 moderate and 1 unhealthy time in September and the rest are still green which is in the range below 50 ". he said.

Regarding the handling of forest and forest fires, it was stated that "The situation and obstacles faced are locations that are difficult to reach, hotspots that indicate heat (not fire) and are not real time, weather conditions and water sources, community habits (burning to clear land), and land whose status is unclear is not managed (lack of internal control in case of fire), "said the Head of DLHP South Sumatra Province.

"Handling efforts are continuously carried out by the South Sumatra provincial government by involving all components of society and stakeholders from regulations, assistance, campaigns, appeals and so on, so that the resulting impacts (health, economy, global warming, education, disruption of function terrestrial ecosystem) from forest and land fires can be resolved, "concluded the Head of the Office at the end of his presentation.

Furthermore, researchers from the Palembang Environment and Forestry Research and Development Center, Ir. Bastoni, M.Si. provided a presentation on the technical aspects of preventing peat forest and forest fire restoration.

"Forest and land fires in South Sumatra recur, especially during the dry season of 2006, 2011, 2012, 2014 and the last 2015 and 2019. This provides an illustration of the concentration of fires. The impact of fires at the site level (on site) is all vegetation, all forest stands fall.

Researcher of the Palembang LHK Research and Development Center, Ir. Bastoni, M.Si. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

and die from fires, sub-surface fires so that all the roots of the trees are burned. The fire prevention technical approach is based on the fire triangle theory. And what can be managed is fuel and heat / fire sources. mistaking it will even have the opportunity to become a fuel. Technological aspects (paludiculture) play an important role so that the subsurface does not become a potential source of fuel for fire ". The source of the fire that caused the fires in South Sumatra came from socio-economic activities related to natural resource extraction, land use and management, which still hoped to have burnt areas then used. The approach taken for this problem is from the institutional side (regulation of the protection and management of peatland ecosystems) and integrated units and bodies for peatland restoration, "explained the researcher from the LHK Research and Development Center.

Chairman of the Atmospheric Research Group PSTA-LAPAN, Drs. Waluyo Eko Cahyono, M.I.L. gave a presentation on Air Quality Research Activities.

Chairman of the Atmospheric Research Group PSTA-LAPAN, Drs. Waluyo Eko Cahyono, M.I.L. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

"PSTA-LAPAN's air quality research domain includes surface air pollution (transportation, industry, households, forest fires), greenhouse gases, and ozone. Atmospheric environmental research is carried out through in-situ monitoring, satellites and models where the input is observation facilities,

observation In situ, data assimilation and computation phase then satellite data will strengthen research and the output will become a product of the Indonesian-SRIKANDI-Indonesian Atmospheric Composition Information System (DSS) and the outcome is the availability of information on the composition of Indonesia's atmosphere in the form of satellite-based observations and prediction based a chemical transport model to support decision making, especially regarding the impact of forest fires on air quality. The impact is on health and the environment ".

PSTA-LAPAN researcher, Nani Cholianawati, ST. delivered an explanation of the Indonesian Atmospheric Composition Information System (SRIKANDI).

"SRIKANDI is a decision support system (Decission Support System) built by the Center for Atmospheric Science and Technology (PSTA) LAPAN which is intended for user partners, in this case the Ministry of Environment and Forestry or DLH or

PSTA-LAPAN researcher, Nani Cholianawati, ST. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

those involved in mitigating disasters of air pollution originating from forest fires or transportation. Parameters regarding air pollution are closely related to human health. "

PSTA-LAPAN researcher, Dr. Wiwiek Setyawati, MT. In SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

PSTA-LAPAN researcher, Dr. Wiwiek Setyawati, MT. gave a presentation on Monitoring and Services at the PSTA Chemical Laboratory. It was explained that an environment with quality air can be achieved through the participation of the entire community supported by research and technology and the use of correct methods and standards. The PSTA-LAPAN chemical laboratory which has been certified by KAN ISO / IEC 17025 carries out the task of managing chemical laboratory facilities, carrying out chemical testing / analysis services, preparing and maintaining accreditation. In his presentation Dr. Wiwiek conveyed the monitoring of air quality and rainwater in PSTA and the methods used.

Participants in SATELLITE FGD # 4 (7/10)

PR: emge

 








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